The archaeological and historical heritage of LANKATHILAKA RAJAMAHA VIHARAYA - UDUNUWARA



Sri Lankan national identification and past fortune had been showed the creation done by our great artistic.

The greatest artistic creations like vihara images, topes, had been showed Srilankan’s national identification an our past fortune . Sri lankathilaka raja maha viharaya is one of the greatest valuable wonder in artistic creation.It is located on panahalgala rock  in hiyarapitiya village in udunuwara.Lankathilaka viharaya Gadalaeniya viharaya,Ambakka fane are owned to 14th  century. The three sacred places in udunuwara division. Sri lankathilaka raja maha viharaya has got consideration people of world.

It was built by fourth Buvanekabahu in Gampola or Gangasiripura in 1934.This was recognized as a creation of  act of minister of fourth Buvanekabahu king, Senadilankara. This is  an important building monument for people all around the world. This place was considered as a religious house for offering lord Buddha and god of hindhu. This is located in Arcadian environment.


      History Of Viharaya

The folklore of temples are helped to build Sri lankan history. There are some facts that a monastery was kept in foot of panhalgala rock.

One of monk got angry with his teacher bikku and had climbed to rock and   plucking ,eating jambu. When he looked the pond on the top of rock ,he saw a gold pitcher flowing and he climbed down the pond and it was vanished. Then it had risen other place.It was an egregious incident so that he got feared and told story toteacher bikku. Adult monk searched about this. then king was informed by chief of village king fourth Buvanekabahu appointed mr Senarath  paranavitharana , chief minister to search that. He informed king that the incident was true and this place was a win land and  recommended it was suitable to build palace at there.But king thought to build a fain with a vihara for offering to monks. Vihara land  built on the compound of rock perciple. Lankathilaka viharaya is an  example for Buddhist – hindhu holy place which built in 14 th century. Buddhist image house faced to east and hindhu fane faced to west .There was a 45 meters  long stairs to climb past image house monastery was located in the rock foot. It took four lenthgly shape. Atic and another secondary serviced component were built near to monastery.

Tope, Bodhiya, preaching hall a kitchen for cooking foods to gods were some of sacred places. The store house where the gods weapons and symbols were kept was at the end of land and the perahera road near to main gate.

According to it’s first plan God images  were middle of three outwalls and cavity of two sides in front of wall. Influence of this this plan could be seen mostly in Tamilnadu region and Chandisinhasari place in Java country. In additionally antharalaya with front pavilion was located to west main door.Two stairs were built to climb tope of panhalgala .One of them was built in Gampola era. Other one was excavated in ce 1913.Two balustrade were located at the starting place of stairs from monastery compound which was under vihara to upward stairs.It was built with bricks and granites. According to Lankathilaka corper grant original building height was 50 feet. Land structure was arranged as a cross  shape.

Three was amoonstone at the entrance of viharaya. It wasn’t prosperous like Anuradhapura, polonnaruwa moonstones. Two Gajasinghe images were in both sides.The dragon pandol was over the front vihara.It was faced to east.Images of gandharwa and gajalakshmee could be seen here. Over the moonstone there was a balustrade with steps .Thivanka door keeper image was carved elegantly.

Large fascinating door owned to Gampola era was at the entrance.A small a large image of Buddha was in Viharaya.Another two sitting images were in both sides of Buddhist image.All these were applied gold.The ‘’oth image’’ in here was owned to Gampola- kandy era and It was an extra ordinary creation.     




  Garbha House

Main Buddhist image was located under dragon pandol. It was consisted in at backside wall in image house.

More part of behind wall be closed to main Buddhist image under dragon pandol. There were two images blowing conch and looking for Lord Buddha at left side.The image of king Kirthi sri Rajasinghe was in presence tosouth. Buddhist decorated flower springs and diamond shaped tope.Sariyuth and Mugalan chief disples were created both sides. The main four gods of hindhu with their wives and vehicles were sorounding Lord Buddha. Four brahma pictures were back of dragon pandol.

In underside of northwall ten images of Arahath with  flowers  faced to main image.Ten Buddhist images from suvisi Buddhist images were betaken above arahath in two rows with five frames in one with a standing Buddhist image,long square frame was specified west part in north wall.

Two narrow wall parts in both sides of arch were designed in drawings. One of two large pictures was to be doner gentlement who had construted viharaya.He had a sapu flower on his hand.another one with flower basket was a alumnus.Two of suvisi Buddhist ,gajasinghe pictures and flower springs were in two square frame above them.Two images of monks were specified to opposite wallpart.They were same to forest and alumnus.


          Pannum arch and canopy

There were spill bars with flowers over the wall on the spill arch.conopy was caparisoned a pattern of hansaputtuwa at the middle of beautiful background.


Picture frames were drawn on both sides according to height of arch wall.In the following section an elephant with a mahout.on the above space there were women pictures with hansaputtuwa.It was the most beautiful decoration in architecture.


Sathsathiya was represented in narrow wall at arch.

            North Wall

This wall was divided into four bars.Twelve pictures owned to suvisi vivarana were painted in upper three bars.First seven places in solosmasthana,Mahiyanganaya,Nagadeepaya,Kelaniya,Padalanchanaya,Divaguha,Deegavapiya and Muthiyanganaya were represented here.To allocate these scenic one by one used a tree in center.

          South wall

Other places of solosmasthana were represented here.


This conopy was arranged as arch shape.A design which same to conopy cloth were there.It consisted padma pattern with many chops to center of conapy.And another medals of padma were designed in many rows.


A wall was built for allocation of Buddhist images in chamber of temple.Building when entered in west ould enter that part.There were some gates around them.The fane was in there.Images of gods wishnu,upulvan,sumana saman,Whibeeshana,Ganapathi,Skanda kumara could be seen. Images of Kumara bandara, who was singnification metal and it was two feet high.

Two branches  of bodhi, cairn alms hall and gateway in west door were constructed.A beautiful carving and stone work could not be seen there. But broken roof and upper parts had been reconstructed under advice by incumbent monk and Basnayaka Nilame.A talented carpenter Godapala galladdage made plan and built roof in timber and covered with tiles pinnacle.


History said that In additionally constructing this raja maha viharaya had received instructions from south Indian creater Sthapathirayar. 

  • Gadaladeniya, Sri Lanka

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