King Mahasena built Jethawanaramaya an in inscriptions it was name as Denanakaya or Dena vehera. In first time commons of Anuradhapura caressed Buddhism after discoursing dharma in nandana garden by mihindhu thero.
Then Buddhism has been spread expressly in Sri lanka. Buddhism was pervaded in nandana garden at first. So that nandana garden called as jothivana and later it became jethavana. It’s meaning is ‘’garden expanding enlightenment ’’.
Jethawanaramaya region is expanded to Malvathu oya east to Thuparamaya . Ruins of image houses, piriven, mansion groups were consisted in it. In Britain government Anuradhapura town was built near to jethawanaramaya. Therefore many industries, new buildings, roads, culverts were used in there .it was caused to destroy the garden. Now remains only foundations of old buildings. Its region is nearly 200 acres.
There were six main topes in Anuradhapura. They were Thuparamaya, Mirisawatiya, Tissa maha tope, Swarnamalee cairn, Abhayagiriya and Manisomarama tope. These all topes were built by present kings to memorize certain religious incident connected with those places .
This tope built in Nandana garden and what was the aim to build here .were debatable. Its old name was unknown. King Mahasen built Jethawanaya tope and offered to monks of Sagaliya denomination.
King Mithrasena made a pandol across the elephant bulwark. King Dhathusena fixed gold wax branchia for it and wear a crystal ring compressed large gem and beautiful carvings .King Mahanaga built elephant bulwark and reconstructed the ring of branchia and carved works .King first Agbo established gold flag compressed gem on tope. King second Moggollana reconstructed tope at the last in 10th century tope with monastery was attacked by chola defeats .When prince parakramabahu appointed as a king , tope had been destroyed . King parakramabahu reconstructed it to 210 feet high .But former height was 400 feet. So that in third century it was the third in height among buildings in world .It was third to two pyramid cemeteries in Egypt. Currently this building mad in bricks may be the first in height.
The scale of base in tope is 1147 feet. Tope compound is 7 acres and lengh of tope compound is 576 feet. There are steps in four sides to enter tope compound.
Devotees alms letters were noticed on the stone boards of salapathala compound was a work of 8th century. Excavation done for examining foundation of northlands east sides tope had built under 26 feet square brick compound from compound level. Square brick foundation had made on the sand stone rock. There was stage from sand stone compound to brick compound.
Updated: November 24th, 2014.
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